Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, wrote in the eighteenth century that it is not the fate that rules the world. And that social events are never the result of accidents but have in their origin deeper roots that cause reason to arise and draw the common good.
Thus, I define the stream of common sense that has guided the national destinies in the most critical and difficult moments of its history.
The meeting of paths from our earliest days by national leaders has led us to occupy an unequaled physical space in the Americas. Without wars of conquest, and with the establishment of an order among states respecting the demarcated borders, recognizing the principle of non-intervention and respecting the principle of self-determination of our neighbors.
This confidence in national sovereignty and our geopolitical integrity has allowed us to advance with minor shocks to the challenges of a world in search of a new order after, only in the last century, we have witnessed two devastating world wars and the long lasting cold war, with important economic and political effects.
This stream of common sense contained us within the limits of a continental country without hegemonic aspirations but averse to the interference of political and ideological creeds that, surreptitiously, always tried to implant, in search of a state in which the individual and collective freedom would always be hostages of the State.
And this stream of common sense is not the famous Brazilian way, but simply the source of reason for Brazilian society manifesting and imposing itself in the decisive political and social moments of our country.
So, I see and consider the election of Jair Bolsonaro.
The social disaster of a recession that made disappear riches in the order of 300 billion dollars or about 1.3 trillion reais in three years and that, for comparison purposes, are equivalent to the GDP of all South American countries combined and part of the Mexican GDP.
Cataclysm that destroyed the social assistance system and created an increasing number of Brazilians below the poverty line, according to IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), today at 54.8 million. These figures represent 26.5% of the Brazilian population, having grown at an alarming rate of 4% in just one year.
In the extreme poverty area, in 2017, there were 15.2 million people, or 7.4% of the population.
These numbers, now in reverse, thanks to lower inflation, the ceiling of public spending, Lava Jato and sanitation measures in President Michel Temer’s 28-month term, will impose a Herculean mission on the new President Bolsonaro to correct ideological and administrative costs incurred. And besides debureaucratizing the country and implementing reforms that, for party and political reasons, could not be completed this year.
The fundamentals of the stream of common sense were evident and active in this year’s elections.
The victory at the polls, however, does not guarantee the full implementation of the goals, such as promised and desired.
The change of orientation in foreign policy and the abandonment of Bolivarianism of Cuban origin and embracing pluralism in the openness with the United States and Canada in the Northern Hemisphere with Mexico in Central America, where we are recognized for the magnificent work of the Brazilian Army in the peace force in Haiti, in addition to action in South America, devoid of ideological accents and receiving Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay and other countries of the Southern Hemisphere without doctrinal pretensions, Brazil will have the certainty of democratic order and expanded cooperation in this part of the continent. And Mercosur, repaginated and open to individual trade agreements of its members, but retaining the bases already consolidated by the historically founded integration will be an instrument of foreign policy and economic factor of weight.
Israel, now a preferred partner, is most welcome in this phase of political openness.
Russia, the largest continental country in the world, with a strong internal market and an important energy pole, as well as the Arab countries of long tradition and conviviality, which are part of our country’s blood by the migratory currents that have brought their ancestors here. China, nowadays a major partner and Korea and Japan and Thailand, as well as other Asian countries, will be key partners in Brazil’s affirmation of reciprocal trade and investment and political action.
Africa, always so close and which progress is being and will be vertiginous. And to join Australia, which also comes to transfer to West Jerusalem the headquarters of its embassy, as well as that of the European Community and our partners in the foundation of this multiracial and multipolar Brazil, all waiting for a coordinated, active and constant action for the maintenance of world peace and balance.