Ricardo Sayeg: Edifier of a new world

por The Winners

Possessing a resume worthy of his quality as one of the most renowned Brazilian jurists and philosophers, professor Ricardo Sayeg is a professor and Head of the Chair of Economic Law at PUCSP, where he graduated in Law and earned his Doctor’s and Master’s degrees in Commercial Law; full professor of Quantum Business Law at Nove de Julho University; immortal of Paulista Law Academy; president of the National Christian Human Rights Commission of FENASP; president of the Court of Masonic Democracy of GOSP; winner of several awards and commendations, among them the Personality of the Year (2021) by the GCSM and Jurist of the Year (2017) by the Order of Economists of Brazil; author of several books and other scientific publications, etc. For his prominence, he is a member of the Superior Council of CAPES/MEC; as well as the Superior Council of Legal Affairs of the powerful FIESP.

In 2007, afflicted by two terrible diagnoses, one of cancer and the other of a type of chronic leukemia, admitted to the Sírio Libanês Hospital,  at 40 years old, married and father of four children (the oldest with 12 years old and the youngest with less than a year old), professor Sayeg, in that critical state, flirting with death, had a revelation as to the possibility of a new world through the path of Humanistic Capitalism, which makes the productive forces of Free Market compatible with Dignity for all, so that no one is left behind. A new world that assures to all a dignified existence according to the dictates of social justice, based on a Democratic State of Law, constituted by a free, fair and solidary Civil Society; economically, socially, politically, culturally and technologically developed; eradicator of poverty and marginalization; promoter of the well being of all. In the Hospital itself, hospitalized in room 617, even under intense and painful treatment, professor Sayeg wrote the original manuscript of Humanist Capitalism, and thus began the fight for the scientific formulation and building of this new world that was revealed to him by this superior inspiration, which has been going on for more than 15 years. The fight goes on, and according to him “his Mother is called Victory” !

The Winners – You are academically recognized for your Theory of the Humanistic Capitalism and have been honored for your work on the subject. How do you see the evolution of the topic in society?

Ricardo Sayeg – Liberty, democracy and dignity are the edifying attributes of the human condition. The Humanistic Capitalism corresponds to the regime that defends the productive forces of market freedom democratically compatible with dignity for all. These are the premises that we defend. It is by awakening this consciousness that we will build a new world, with a Humanistic Capitalism where everyone is free but no one is left behind.

 

TW – After a long period of worldwide pandemic due to Covid-19, what parallels can we draw about the evolution of society and Law in the view of the Humanistic Capitalism?

RS – The economic losses caused by the pandemic have made the situation of poverty and inequality very serious. The left does not respond because it wants to democratize poverty for all, as is the case in Venezuela; but also, on the other hand, radical capitalism leaves multitudes behind. Neither are convincing. The hope is the Humanistic Capitalism, to which it will safely lead the development of good, edificator of a new world. i, with all my strength, truly believe that together and aware, we can build this new world.

 

TW – The Institute of Humanistic Capitalism – ICapH was founded in 2014, what has changed in that period and what do you understand as a practical contribution to society?

RS – Within our conditions, what falls to me and to the ICapH was to develop the Scientific Theory and, now, to encourage the awakening of the national conscience that the solution to the economic scourge, without damaging people’s freedom, is in the Humanistic Capitalism. The ICapH was founded and works daily to achieve this goal and its actions are the contributions that we effectively provide to society. Nothing will change unless the Brazilian people have a prior consciousness of the viability, certainty and necessity of adhering to the Humanistic Capitalism.

 

TW – About a year ago we talked about the Institute’s work regarding the “overindebtedness” society is going through, where the dilemma of consumption and the lack of sufficient resources has grown in recent years. Considering that there has been an increase in family indebtedness, what solutions do you see for the problem?

RS – We are aware and proud that the actions of the ICapH have decisively contributed to the legislation to fight over-indebtedness. We believe that civil society, at the same time, should unite around people’s fundamental rights and freedoms, as well as around economic rationality, which is the synthesis of the Humanistic Capitalism. Armed with this awareness, we will face the problems with rationality, but without giving up the humanism that ensures that no one
is left behind. We understand that only this way, together, we will be able to rescue people and properly face the over-indebtedness, the ruin and the economic exclusion of Brazilian families.

 

TW – In a year of elections in Brazil issues such as structural racism, fighting corruption, etc. will be a constant topic on the agenda. What impact do these issues have on the country’s economy and its development?

RS – Nobody lives in peace, much less in prosperity, in a land of physical and legal insecurity. Rascality, racism and crime are the worst enemies of the country’s economy and development. We have to make it clear to the world and to ourselves that Brazil is not a land of bandits.

 

TW – The OAB (Brazilian Bar Association of São Paulo) has just gone through a transformation, electing for the first time a woman as president of the entity. How do you see this transformation?

RS – It represents undeniable progress. The dichotomy between men and women has been overcome. Women have conquered their space and this matter is irreversible. Dr. Patrícia Vanzolini certainly meets all the conditions and will make an excellent administration.

 

TW – In your evaluation, what still needs to be done in the structure of companies to balance the human capital?

RS – Companies must adopt a new ethic that is not simply complying with the law and regulations, but also being humanistic, committed to good governance, respect for the environment, and social responsibility, the so-called ESG. Denying this stance places the company in the market as a pariah of society, disrupting its business environment and the achievement of its business objectives. Dignity is everything, so not having it is a terrible business.

 

TW – How was the feeling of being honored in the Personality of the Year 2021 award?

RS – I feel a sense of accomplishment and encouragement to go until the end regarding my life mission of contributing to a New World, by building a free, fair and solidary society, developed, eradicating poverty and marginalization, reducing inequalities and promoting the good of all, where people are assured a dignified existence and no one is left behind.

Humanistic Capitalism Institute

From an economic point of view, we are an NGO whose mission is to build the path for Brazil to reach the status of a fraternal, free, fair, and solidary society, that guarantees national development, poverty reduction, marginalization, and the reduction of social and regional inequalities, and that promotes the good of all, without prejudice of origin, race, sex, color, age, and any other forms of discrimination, through the economic inclusion of all. No one is left behind, the economic order will serve the purpose of universally guaranteeing a dignified existence according to the dictates of
social justice. We believe that through economic inclusion people will obtain social welfare with dignity. Humanistic Capitalism, whose principle, in the terms of art. 11 of the municipal law of São Paulo 17.481/20, is the guideline of the economic order of São Paulo and its index, iCapH (Index of Economic Well-Being), the guideline for public policies, as an economic dimension of human rights, based on article 170 of the Federal Constitution of 1988, and reveals the consubstantiality present in the legal system for the assurance to all of a dignified existence according to the dictates of
social justice, with a theoretical framework in anthropophilic integral humanism, human dignity, and quantum law.
It seeks to break the supposed neutrality between the systems mentioned, especially the economic and the fundamental human rights, highlighting the interconnection, constitutional interdependence of both, as a legal theory is aligned, represents and aims to realize the Fraternal Society whose goals are described in Article 3 and sections of the 1988 Federal Constitution and the Sustainable Development Goals, known as Agenda 2030 of the UN, emerged at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo, developed initially by Professors Ricardo Hasson Sayeg and Wagner Balera, where his Study Group is located.

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